- Context, Approach and Objectives
Zambia is relatively water-rich compared to other countries in southern Africa. However, water availability varies considerably between different regions of the country, seasons and years. As Zambia’s economy and population are rapidly growing there are increasing demands for water from multiple sectors. In addition, the government’s National Development Plan has identified energy and food production as priorities and both are heavily dependent on water availability, allocation and quality. In Zambia, the International Water Stewardship Programme (IWaSP) aims to improve water security for 184,000 people, with a focus on partnerships with the beverage, agricultural and hydropower sectors. IWaSP is implemented by the long-standing Reform of the Water Sector Programme of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH, which has been partnering with the government of Zambia in the water sector for the last 45 years.
IWaSP Partnerships in Zambia
Itawa Springs Protection Project
Water resource protection
2012 to 2016
Lusaka Water Security Initiative (LuWSI)
Holistic multi-stakeholder approach to improving urban water security
2016 to 2018
The Itawa Springs Protection Project (2012-2016) in Ndola aims to protect a critical water source for Zambian Breweries, the local water utility, and the community which is under threat from pollution and unsustainable land use. Projects covered by the partnership include building water kiosks, washing slabs and drainage, restoring the ecology of a water spring and legally protecting it, developing alternative livelihoods and safely relocating informally settled houses which are impacting the spring. It is a partnership of seven public sector organisations, Zambian Breweries, 11 elected community representatives and IWaSP.
Lusaka Water Security Initiative (LuWSI) (2016-2018) aims to improve water security for Lusaka’s residents and businesses through multi-stakeholder engagement, coordination and action. The partnership covers the assessment of water security threats and solutions for the city and implements projects to improve the situation, focusing on groundwater pollution prevention, sustainable groundwater exploitation, a healthy Kafue River and improved water supply and sanitation access. It is in the process of being initiated by five public authorities, Zambian Breweries, the Zambian Association of Chambers of Commerce and Industry, UNICEF, the Nature Conservancy, World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF), three civil society organisations and IWaSP.
- Achievements to Date
From January 2013 to December 2015 these partnerships benefitted more than 30,000 people indirectly and more than 15,000 people directly. IWaSP in Zambia managed to secure more than EUR250,000 from the private sector and more than EUR70,000 from the public sector to support the ongoing partnerships.
- Country Set-up
In Zambia, IWaSP is anchored in the bilateral and GIZ-implemented Reform of the Water Sector (RWS) Programme, a joint programme of the German and Zambian governments.
IWaSP partners in Zambia include the Lusaka Water and Sewerage Company, the Water Resources Management Authority, the Lusaka and Ndola city councils, the Zambian Environmental Management Agency, Zambian Breweries and the Zambian Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
IWaSP is an international water security programme which combines global best practices in water stewardship with local know-how. Currently active in seven countries, the six-year programme (2013-2018) facilitates partnerships between the public sector, the private sector and civil society to address shared water risks, while improving stakeholders’ use and management of water and building their capacity to develop their own solutions. GIZ manages IWaSP on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and the UK Department for International Development (DfID).
- Further Information on Zambia’s Water Resources
Zambia is relatively water-rich compared to other countries in southern Africa. The World Bank estimates its renewable water resource at around 8,700 m3 per capita per year, while the sub-Saharan average is 7,000 m3 per capita per year.
Zambia’s economy and population are rapidly growing, increasing the demand for water and energy, with hydropower being the main energy source.
Water availability varies considerably between different regions of the country and between seasons and years, resulting in recurring weather extremities like droughts and floods. Climate change is likely to exacerbate variability in the future. Since the 2014 dry season, the Lusaka Water and Sewerage Company (LWSC) has reported a drop in borehole levels, indicating a general decrease in water levels, which is estimated to be partly the result of climate change.
Energy and food production are identified as priorities in Zambia’s National Development Plan; both heavily depend on water availability and allocation and is a typical example of the link between water, energy and food.
The national water policy and water-related laws points out the need to prioritise domestic and environmental water needs over those of irrigation and energy production. Zambia’s challenge is how to allocate water equitably in an environment of increasing demand, ecosystem requirements and transboundary commitments.
In light of these challenges and the recognition of water scarcity as a core business risk, Zambia’s private sector is urgently calling for better water resources management.
- Contact Information
Partnerships have benefitted more than 30,000 people indirectly and more than 15,000 people directly from January 2013 to December 2015
Nearing the completion of the Itawa Springs Protection Project, with a $850,000 total private sector commitment
Establishment and rapid growth in membership of the Lusaka Water Security Initiative, a city-wide multi-stakeholder approach to improving water security for Lusaka’s residents and businesses through improved water management, land use and urban planning
A new partnership between the Water Resources Management Authority (WARMA), OLAM and other partners, with contributions already topping $2m, will be launched in April 2016. The partnership will help WARMA to implement the Water Resources Management Act